Human milk is not cows milk, nor does it have the same consistency. Both breast milk and formula are designed to both hydrate and provide nutrition to babies, all in one. Generally, having water is a healthy way that we stay hydrated, so we might assume (especially given our parents experience) that giving our babies water is necessary. However, for young infants, we now know that water isn’t recommended for exclusively breastfed babies.
Many parents think that their baby needs water, but breast milk is both nourishing and hydrating. Exclusively breastfed babies do not need water at all.
Since a young baby’s kidneys are immature, they cannot handle water, and can quickly become over hydrated when given water or diluted formula. For this reason, young babies are susceptible to water intoxication if given water. Be sure to check with a healthcare provider before offering water for constipation or any other concerns.
For formula-fed babies, it is still best to use caution when administering water. A young baby’s kidneys may not be strong enough to handle more than a small amount of water.
Many babies protest at being changed. The experience of going from feeling warm and cozy to being exposed can be very uncomfortable. Imagine what the womb must have felt like to him: warm and protected, soft and comfy. Your baby still prefers feeling like that now that he’s out in the world. It’s no wonder he loves being in a warm onesie and swaddled in a blanket. When he finds himself naked and chilly on the changing table, he lets you know he doesn’t like it one bit the only way he knows how: by crying. Certain factors make changing especially distressing for young babies. One is that infants aren’t able to regulate their body temperature very well. When they’re undressed, the temperature drop feels dramatic, and it takes them longer to warm up once they’re clothed again.
Undressing a baby often makes him/her cry and this is usually due to body temperature factors. Babies like to feel warm and because they cannot regulate their body temperature properly, they get cold easily.
Also, when you change your baby, all different parts of his body are being pushed and tugged as clothing is pulled over his head and up and down his arms and legs. For infants who are very sensitive to touch, the experience can be particularly uncomfortable. They show it by pulling away, arching their backs, and crying.
Be sure to plan ahead and make dressing as gentle and quick as possible. Have a clean diaper, baby wipes, and your child’s change of clothes close at hand. Consider using warm diaper wipes (you can buy a wipes warmer), or moisten paper towels or a washcloth with warm water.
Babies are very sensitive overall and it may feel as though their bodies are being pulled in different directions when they are being undressed. You should have all your baby-changing supplies at the ready to keep the process as quick and comfortable as possible, including a clean diaper and warm washcloth.
When changing your child, drape a soft towel or blanket over his body to keep him warm. Or avoid getting him naked all at once: Take off the bottom part of his onesie and change his diaper while he still has the top part on. You can also try distracting him with a mobile above the changing table or by singing and talking to him while you undress him.
The most important thing you can do, however, is stay calm. When you get upset, your baby senses it in your facial expressions, your voice, and in the way you touch him as you perhaps rush to get the process over with sooner — and that will just get him more worked up. So take a deep breath, and remember: The crying is not about you. Reassure your baby by saying, “I understand you don’t like this, sweetie. I’ll just be a few more seconds. I’m putting your pajamas on now.” Even though he doesn’t understand your words yet, your soft, loving tone will send the right message.
Undress your child slowly and in stages so that is not too much of a shock for him/her. Be sure to stay calm and speak softly throughout the process.
For first-time parents, it can often be difficult to find the right on advice on caring for your new arrival. Friends, family, books, and web sites may seem like the most reliable, but it’s important to be aware of all the different types of guidance available.
Parenting classes: Many hospitals have parenting “classes” that you can attend. Start with the hospital where you delivered your baby.
The local community college: Many community colleges have playgroups, which meet once a week with a parent educator available to discuss hot topics. You can also interact with other parents going through the same things as you.
Your child’s healthcare providers: This should be the first place you go to learn about health and wellness-related issues for your baby.
Your parents: As difficult as it may be to believe, they were once in your situation.
Your friends: Has anyone already had kids?
Web sites: There are a number of great Web sites that provide useful information for new parents. There are also many Web sites with information that is just flat-out wrong. Look for sites having an editorial process in place and that use professionals in that particular field. Also, check a couple of sites to compare information. Finally, remember that just because it is on the Internet, it does not make it right. Just like in the real world, many people love to give advice; but a lot of it is just plain bad.
Source: Baby Advice
Your parents may know best, but it can be helpful to get advice from a wide variety of sources. Try parenting classes, your local community college, your pediatrician, your friends with children of their own, and authoritative web sites to gain the most comprehensive and sound information.